Colorful background art with text "Resources for Identity Education"

Newspaper Articles, Blog Posts and Essays

  • Black Trans Men Face a Constant Threat of Police Violence by Ash Stephens: Stephens explains the compounding vulnerability and targeting that many Black trans men feel in order to propel us into movement and continued collective support.
  • The Case for Reparations by Ta-Nehisi Coates: This article in the Atlantic explores America’s moral debts and how they would be addressed due to 250 years of slavery, 90 years of Jim Crow, 60 years of “separate but equal” and 35 years of racist housing policy. An audio version is available at the same link.
  • The Heartbeat of Racism is Denial, by Ibram Kendi, for the New York Times.
  • A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement by Alicia Garza: Garza outlines the origins, objectives, and development of the Black Lives Matter movement.
  • Heteropatriarchy and the Three Pillars of White Supremacy (pdf) by Andrea Smith: In this essay, Smith introduces a framework for understanding white supremacy as constituted by separate and distinct, but still interrelated, logics. Three interconnected pillars of this framework include Slavery/Capitalism, Genocide/Capitalism, and Orientalism/War.
  • Lose Your Kin by Christina Sharpe: In this essay, Sharpe traces slavery as a ghost in the machine of contemporary U.S. life and politics.
  • Remember, No One is Coming to Save Us by Roxanne Gay: In this New York Tmes opinion piece, Roxanne Gay discusses the experience of Black people, the coronavirus pandemic, and a “cure” for racism.
  • Transformative Justice: A Brief Description by Mia Mingus: Mingus provides a brief introduction to the framework and orientation of Transformative Justice interventions.
  • Walking While Black by Garnette Cadogan: Cadogan speaks on how the simple act of walking exposes the realities of being black in America.

Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Articles and Book Chapters

Challenging Racial Battle Fatigue on Historically White Campuses: A Critical Race Examination of Race-Related Stress, by William A. Smith, Tara J. Yosso, Daniel G. Solórzano. This chapter utilizes Critical Race Theory in education to challenge the silences of “race-neutral” storytelling in order to discuss the race-related stress faculty of color confront when navigating through historically white universities.

Smith, W. A., Yosso, T. J., & Solórzano, D. G. (2011). “Challenging Racial Battle Fatigue on Historically White Campuses: A Critical Race Examination Of Race-Related Stress”. In Challenging Racial Battle Fatigue on Historically White Campuses: A Critical Race Examination Of Race-Related Stress. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. doi:

Conceptualizing Color-Evasiveness: Using Dis/Ability Critical Race Theory to Expand a Color-Blind Racial Ideology in Education and Society, by Subini Ancy Annamma, Darrell D. Jackson & Deb Morrison. Authors use a Dis/ability Critical Race Theory (DisCrit) framework to understand the limitations of ‘color-blindness’, and suggest an expanded and more nuanced understanding of the racial ideology of refusing to address race, color-evasiveness.

Annamma, S. A., Jackson, D. D., & Morrison, D. (2017). Conceptualizing color-evasiveness: Using dis/ability critical race theory to expand a color-blind racial ideology in education and society. Race Ethnicity and Education, 20(2), 147-162. 

Critical Race Theory, Latino Critical Theory, and Critical Raced-Gendered Epistemologies: Recognizing Students of Color as Holders and Creators of Knowledge, by Dolores Delgado Bernal. Delgado Bernal refers to critical raced-gendered epistemologies that offer unique ways of knowing and understanding the world based on the various raced and gendered experiences of people of color.

Bernal, D. D. (2002). Critical race theory, Latino critical theory, and critical raced-gendered epistemologies: Recognizing students of color as holders and creators of knowledge. Qualitative Inquiry, 8(1), 105-126.

Prison-Industrial Complex in the United States, by Elias Walker Vitulli. This article explores the prison-industrial complex as a dynamic and productive web of white supremacist, neoliberal, heteropatriarchal, and gender-normative power that targets social deviance for criminalization and imprisonment and secures normativity.

Vitulli, E. W. (2014). Prison-Industrial Complex in the United States. Transgender Studies Quarterly, 1(1-2), 162-164.

Psychological Heuristics and Faculty of Color: Racial Battle Fatigue and Tenure/Promotion, by Noelle Witherspoon Arnold, Emily R. Crawford, Muhammad Khalifa. This article explores the promotion and tenure (P&T) process of Black faculty using a psychological construct to examine how racial micro-aggressions manifest and articulate themselves through individual and organizational phenomena such as Racial Battle Fatigue.

Arnold, N. W., Crawford, E. R., & Khalifa, M. (2016). Psychological heuristics and faculty of color: Racial battle fatigue and tenure/promotion. The Journal of Higher Education, 87(6), 890-919. 

The Color of Supremacy: Beyond the Discourse of ‘White Privilege’, by Zeus Leonardo. This essay argues that a critical look at white privilege, or the analysis of white racial hegemony, must be complemented by an equally rigorous examination of white supremacy, or the analysis of white racial domination.

Leonardo, Z. (2004). The color of supremacy: Beyond the discourse of ‘white privilege’. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 36(2), 137-152.